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Turn

<!ELEMENT turn EMPTY>
<!ATTLIST turn
   id ID #IMPLIED
   %spine_ref;
   type (over | after) #REQUIRED
   style (normal | inverted | cut | vertical) #REQUIRED
   upper_accidental %accidental; "none"
   lower_accidental %accidental; "none">

Element turn is used to encode turns. Such ornament is a short figure consisting of the note above the one indicated, the note itself, the note below the one indicated, and the note itself again. It is marked by a mirrored S-shape lying on its side above the staff. The details of its execution depend in part on the exact placement of the turn mark.

 

Attributes
  • id, an optional attribute that provides a unique identification for the symbol.
  • event_ref, a mandatory attribute that identifies the spine event of the music symbol to which the ornament is applied.
  • type, a mandatory attribute that defines the position of the ornament with respect to the spine event.
  • style, an optional attribute to define the shape to use, according to the figure of below.
  • upper_accidental and lower_accidental, two attributes to modify chromatically the upper and lower notes of the ornament.

 

Examples
trill07type="over"
style="normal"
trill07type="over"
style="inverted"
trill1type="over"
style="cut"
trill3type="after"
style="normal"
trill2type="over"
style="vertical"
trill01type="over"
style="normal"
upper_accidental="sharp"

 


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